New Humanity Movement

Education and Culture

tuttalamiacitta1Human beings are social beings, and thus they need to have relationships with other human beings in order to grow and develop. These relationships are an essential part of human nature. On the biological level, each one of us exists because two persons – the parents – have met and mated. Then, from birth onwards, life enfolds as a continuous growth through interaction with the others and the world around us.

 

By Ilaria Pedrini

There are many types of human groups: the first is the family and, in ancient times, the tribe, that is, the extended family under the authority of a head. Other groupings follow, each with its typical bonding and aims: for example, the sports association, the pupils in a classroom, the parish community, a group of workers.

The city constitutes a particular community. Within a city we find all types of persons, all having one general goal: the welfare of the individual and that of all the citizens. In this aspects, the city is similar to the family, even if the numbers are far greater. One can say that the city is a ‘family of families’.

Historians say that the city, after the family and the tribe, is the most ancient organization. The city, however, goes a step forward. Whereas in the family and tribe relationships are based on ‘blood’, in the city these are based on an agreement freely undertaken by persons. Such an agreement is continuously renewed through regulations based on law. Suffice to remember the ancient Greek cities, the ‘polis’, where the words ‘politics’ (the art of government of a city), and ‘democracy’ (the people’s power) were coined.

The members of a city are the citizens, free persons with equal rights
. This contrasts sharply with the condition of ‘subjects’ as in Monarchies. What we define as ‘State’ – a relatively recent form of political organization – blotted out the ‘Empire’; in fact a State can be very extensive and having millions of ‘citizens’, all governed ‘democratically’.

The city, with its advantages and disadvantages, is a most important form of living together
. The young generations grow in an urban environment where they give rise to new aggregative and cultural associations.tuttalamiacitta3

The young people experience city life from a very early age: they use public transport, play in public parks, dispose of their garbage in the ecological bins, accompany grandma to the doctor’s clinic, etc… The public transport, the common green areas, the disposal of garbage, the social and medical services constitute aspects of the collective dimension of daily life. These aspects introduce the citizens to the values of solidarity and the respect of the law, leading to an early awareness of a civic ‘we’.

(to be continued)

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